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測繪儀器的維護與保管

一、儀器在室內的保存 1. The preservation of the instrument in the room 1.存放儀器的房間,應清潔、干燥、明亮且通風良好,室溫不宜劇烈變化,冬季時儀器不能存放在暖氣設備附近;室內應設安全消防設備;室內也不要存放具有酸、堿類氣味的物品,以防腐蝕儀器。 1. the room in which the instrument is stored should be clean, dry, bright and well ventilated. The room temperature should not be changed violently. The instrument can not be stored in the vicinity of the heating equipment in winter; the indoor safety fire protection equipment should be set up in the room; and the indoor products with acid and alkali odor are not stored in the room to prevent the corrosion apparatus. 2.存放儀器的庫房,要采取嚴格防潮措施,控制濕度和溫度。 2. storeroom for instruments should be strictly dampproof and humidity and temperature should be controlled. 3.儀器應放在木柜內或柜架上,不要直接放在地上。三腳架應平放或者豎直放置,不應隨便斜靠,以防變形。存放三腳架時,應先把活動腿縮回并將腿收攏。 3. the instrument should be placed in wooden cabinets or rack, not directly placed on the ground. The three tripod should be placed flat or upright, and should not be leaned to prevent deformation. When storing the three legged scaffold, the active leg should be retracted and the legs closed. 二、儀器的安全運送 Two. Safe delivery of instruments 儀器受震后會使機械或光學零件松動、移位或損壞,以致造成儀器各軸線的幾何關系變化,光學系統成象不清或象差增大,機械部分轉動失靈或卡死。輕則使用不便,影響觀測精度;重則不能使用甚至報廢。測量儀器越精密越是要注意防震。在運送儀器的過程中更是如此。 The mechanical or optical parts will be loosened, shifted or damaged after the earthquake, resulting in the change of the geometric relationship of the axis of the instrument, the optical system is not clear or the aberration increases, the mechanical part rotates malfunction or card death. Light is inconvenient to use, affecting observation accuracy; heavy can not be used or even scrapped. The more precise the measuring instrument is, the more attention should be paid to the shock proof. This is the case in the process of transporting the instruments. 1.儀器長途搬運時,應裝入特制的木箱中。箱內墊以刨花、紙卷、泡沫塑料等彈性的物品,箱外標明“光學儀器,不許倒置,小心輕放,怕潮怕壓”等字樣。 1. when the instrument is transported for long distances, it should be loaded into a special wooden case. The box is lined with elastic articles, such as shavings, paper rolls, foam plastics, and so on. The box is marked with "optical instruments, not allowed to be inverted, handle with care, fear of tide and pressure". 2.短途運送儀器時,可以不裝運輸箱,但要有專人護送。儀器在運輸途中,均要注意防止日曬、雨淋。放置的地方要安全穩妥、干燥和清潔。 2. when transporting the equipment on a short distance, no transport box can be installed. During the transportation, the instrument should pay attention to prevent the sun and rain. The place should be safe, safe, dry and clean.

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