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全站儀使用方法步驟

目前,世界上許多著名的測繪儀器生產廠商均生產有各種型號的全站儀。不同型號的全站儀,其具體操作方法會有較大的差異。下面簡要介紹全站儀的基本操作與使用方法。 At present, many famous surveying and mapping instrument manufacturers in the world produce all kinds of total station. Different models of total station, its specific operation methods will have larger differences. The basic operation and usage of the whole station is briefly introduced. (一)全站儀的操作與使用 (1) operation and use of the whole station 1.全站儀的基本操作與使用方法 1. Basic operation and operation of the whole station (1)測量前的準備工作 (1) preparation before measurement 1)電池的安裝(注意:測量前電池需充足電) 1) installation of the battery (note: the battery should be fully charged before measurement) ①把電池盒底部的導塊插入裝電池的導孔。 Insert the guide block of the bottom of the battery box into the guide hole of the battery. ②按電池盒的頂部直至聽到“咔嚓”響聲。 Press the top of the battery box until you hear a click. ③向下按解鎖鈕,取出電池。 Press the unlock button to remove the battery. 2)儀器的安置。 2) placement of instruments. ①在實驗場地上選擇一點,作為測站,另外兩點作為觀測點。 1. Choose a point on the experimental site as the station, and two other points as observation points. ②將全站儀安置于點,對中、整平。 Place the whole station at the point, in the right, the whole. ③在兩點分別安置棱鏡。 The prism is placed at two points. 3)豎直度盤和水平度盤指標的設置。 3) setting of vertical and horizontal dial indicators. ①豎直度盤指標設置。 The vertical dial index setting. 松開豎直度盤制動鈕,將望遠鏡縱轉一周(望遠鏡處于盤左,當物鏡穿過水平面時),豎直度盤指標即已設置。隨即聽見一聲鳴響,并顯示出豎直角。 Loosen the vertical dial brake button and turn the telescope up to a week (the telescope is on the left, when the objective is through the horizontal), the vertical dial indicator is set. Then a sound was heard and the vertical Angle was shown. ②水平度盤指標設置。 2. Horizontal dial indicator setting. 松開水平制動螺旋,旋轉照準部360,水平度盤指標即自動設置。隨即一聲鳴響,同時顯示水平角。至此,豎直度盤和水平度盤指標已設置完畢。注意:每當打開儀器電源時,必須重新設置和的指標。 Loosen the horizontal brake screw, rotate the normal unit 360, and the horizontal dial indicator is automatically set. Immediately a sound is heard and the horizontal Angle is displayed. At this point, the vertical and horizontal dial indicators have been set. Note: each time the instrument power is turned on, the indicator must be reset. 4)調焦與照準目標。 4) focus and target. 操作步驟與一般經緯儀相同,注意消除視差。 The operation steps are the same as the normal theodolite, and take care to eliminate the parallax. (2)角度測量 (2) Angle measurement 1)首先從顯示屏上確定是否處于角度測量模式,如果不是,則按操作轉換為距離模式。 1) firstly, determine whether the Angle measurement mode is in the display screen, and if not, switch to distance mode by operation. 2)盤左瞄準左目標A,按置零鍵,使水平度盤讀數顯示為0°00′00〃,順時針旋轉照準部,瞄準右目標B,讀取顯示讀數。 2) plate left, aim left A, press zero, the horizontal circle reading showed to 0 ° 0 '00 ", clockwise sighting, aim at the right target B, readings show. 3)同樣方法可以進行盤右觀測。 3) the same method can be used to make a right observation. 4)如果測豎直角,可在讀取水平度盤的同時讀取豎盤的顯示讀數。 4) if the vertical Angle is measured, the display reading of the vertical disk can be read while reading the horizontal disk.

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